Vitamin A, Health benefits and risks| Retinol

Vitamin A:

Green Vegetables and Carrot is rich in Vitamin A

  • Vitamin A was discovered by scientists McCallum and Davis.
  • Its chemical name is Retinol
  • Its most common form is the Anti-glycemic vitamin, the Bright Eye Vitamin.
  • Vitamin-A is available in the liver, yellow fruits, vegetables, all kinds of greens, carrots, milk (high in cow's milk), shark and codfish.
  • Note: "carrot", a diet high in vitamin A 


  • It is abundant in Asparagus.
  • It is the most abundant in Papaya
  • Cantaloupe, Pink grapefruit, Apricots, Pumpkin, Sweet potatoes, Winter squash, Dark green, leafy vegetables, Broccoli
  • Vitamin-A is the reason for the palm oil being yellow
  • Its functions include eyesight, pregnancy, bone growth,
  • Diseases caused by:
  • Nyctalopia (dark): Blindness in the eyes.
  • Xerophthalmia (Dryness): When the eyes become dry, the delicate cornea/cornea covering the eyelashes will burst and cause permanent blindness is the major deficiency of Vitamin-A          

    Prevalence of Vitamin A deficiency

image courtesy of Wikimedia commons

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